Tremendous advances in technology has changed the face of dental treatment and consequently changing the patient’s perception of dental treatment. Laser treatments are comfortable and considerably reduce treatment time.
At Sparks Cosmetic and Dental Centre, lasers are effectively used to treat minor oral surgeries, disinfection of infected tissues and root canals, laser gum surgeries, frenectomy, facial pain management, wisdom teeth surgeries, laser teeth whitening and other minor applications such as laser vaporization. Aphthous ulcers, hemangiomas, lymphangiomas and verrous carcinomas.
Invented in the 1900s LASER is the shorter version of Laser Amplified Stimulated Emission of Radiation. The light monochromatic and the collimation and coherency are what makes it unique.
The medium is stimulated by an energy source in a controlled manner in a single wavelength with high energy intensities, coherent and collimated. It thus penetrates and incises the tissue, seals nerves and blood vessels and vaporizes diseased tissue.
Some of the common lasers used in dentistry are Nd:YAG, Diode laser, Erbrium and CO2. Each of these lasers have specific procedures attached to them. Laser procedures in dentistry are divided into soft tissue lasers and hard tissue lasers.
Hard tissue applications are used predominantly for caries removal, Class I, II, III, IV and V cavity preparations, roughening or etching of hard tissue surface, excavation of fissures to place sealants and enameloplasty. There are several advantages of the hard tissue lasers such as diminished anaesthetic usage, less vibration, less noise, minimal tooth reduction and effective bonding of the tooth surface.
Soft tissue applications usually comprise of 810nm to 980nm diode laser which have remarkable long term bactericidal effects. Laser wavelengths determine the characteristics of absorption in the biological tissues thereby determining the efficiency of the surgery. Several components of the tissue determine the absorption of the laser light. The A.actinomycetemcomitans is an invasive pathogen responsible for periodontal diseases. At other times it may be difficult to eliminate but responds effectively to laser treatments. The diode laser is set to replace every restorative treatment soon. At Sparks Cosmetic and Dental Centre the doctors determine wavelengths that are specific to the tissue for greater precision and minimized risk of lateral damage of the tissue. Direct contact with the tissue allows the surgeon to experience tactile sensations similar to that of a scalpel.